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Fijian pronunciation isn't difficult for the English speaker, since most of the sounds in English are the same as the one in the Fijian language. The standard Fijian alphabet uses all the English letters, except (x). The letters (h) and (z) occur only rarely, in borrowed words.
Vowels-As with all Pacific languages, the five Fijian vowels are pronounced much as they are in such languages as Spanish, German, and Italian:
  A as in father
E as in bet
I as in machine
O as in more
U as in zoo
when there are two vowels together, they simply retain their original pronunciation , so that mai is pronounced like my., lei like lay, nau like now, and so on.
most consonants are pronounced as they are in English, but a small number of differences need to be learned. first the minor differences:
b & d pronounced with preceding nasal consonant, so b sounds like "mb" and d like "nd.
k,p,t as in English, but without the puff of breath that often follows them. the t sounds like "ch" when it occurs before the vowel i, so that tiko is often pronounced as if it were "jiko".

r as in the r in English

v as in the v of English to verify

The following one are a bit more tricky

c pronounced as the "th" this 
j as in ch of loch
q as in ng  for sing
b   mb
c (th)
d (nd)
Fijian is often said to be a relatively easy language to learn, because there are no long lists of verbs conjugations, noun declensions, irregular past tenses, and so on.
    Sentence Structure
All sentences are made up of at least two basic elements: noun phrase and verb phrases. Although there are many possible combinations , most sentences consist of either one verb phrase, two noun phrases, or both, a noun and a verb phrase. Often the order of elements is different from English, with the verb phrase coming before the noun phrase.
 (yes- io) (no-sega) (maybe -de dua) (not yet-se bera)
There are two major types of noun in Fijian known as common  and proper noun. All the nouns remain unchanged from singular to plural, so for instance, the word vale can mean (one), (house), or (several) houses.
Common Nouns
Commons nouns are all nouns  which are not names, that is, they are general words. They are usually preceded by the article "na":
a/the house, houses             na vale
a/the dog, dogs                    na koli
As you can see, the one article" a" is both definite article "the" and an indefinite article "a, an", if a/an means specially "one" not more  "or" and unknown one use "e dua na:
one house/an (unknown) house        e dua na vale
"na" is often "a" when its the first word in a sentence, so the question "what?" "na cava?" often becomes "a cava?
Proper Nouns
Proper nouns , which include names of people and places , and and also independent pronouns and the word for "who", are usually preceded by the article "o" :
john (O jone)
fiji (o Fiji)
 you (sg) ( O iko)
Who? (O cei?)
Always follow the noun
the large house- na vale levu
a beautifull house -na vale totoka
a dirty shirt -na vale duka
the red shirt- na sote danudamu
quite difficult because there are so many varieties, English has only singular and plural, Fijian as four number distinctions: singular, dual , paucal, and plural.
it would be better for me to not show you all of them, but the main and the most important ones
(i-au) (he, she, it-o) (you, we they-e), note that "he/she/it ,e, is often omitted, especially before the particle sa: (he/she has gone-Sa lako)
Possession is another area English speakers find difficult at first, because it is rather more complicated than English . In English there is only one type of possession, for  example there are only one word for "my" .  In Fijian there are four different ways of saying "my":(-qu), (noqu), (kequ), (mequ). fortunaly, the rules are pretty straightforward:
Possessive pronouns
if the noun is  a suffix-possessed" noun, which is usually the case with parts of the body, parts of things, and relationship terms, the possessive noun is added on to the noun. To illustrate with "my" , "-qu" :
my stomach-na- kete-qu
my father- na tama-qu
A simple verb is one that is never used with a direct object and so never changes its form. ( with the next two verb types you'll see what a direct object is, and how it works with a verb .)
 Examples of simple verbs are "gade" "go for a walk", go on holiday etc" and "madua" ""be ashamed:
 i am on holiday-au gade
he's ashamed-  E madua
Active Transitive Verbs
an active transitive verb is similar to a simple verb, but a suffix consist of a consonant plus (-a)
is added when the verb has a direct object. A direct object is something that is directly affected by the verb.
iam drinking-au gunu
iam drinking it- au gunuva
iam drinking the tea- au gunuva na fi
Passive transited verbs
a passive transited verb is one which also has a suffix added when the verb has a direct object, but which has a passive meaning, when the verb is used without the suffix. An example of a passive transitive verb is the word for "close" sogo-ta". In these examples, the fist phrase has an active sense (o closed it) while the second phrase is passive as the verb  imply explains an existing state (its just sitting there, closed)
i closed the shop- au sogota na sitoa
the shop is closed- E sogo na sitoa
transitive only verbs
the first class of verbs is those which are only transitively, so always have a transitive suffix attached to them. An example is the word for "remember" "nanuma":
 i remember your face-- au nanuma na matamu
The final (-a) of the suffix of all transitive verbs changes to (-i) when followed by an object that is  a proper noun or indepedent pronoun
i remember you (sg)-au nanumi iko
 do you remember chartlie?- o nanumi jale?
i am afraid of him/her- au rerevaki koya
 note that of a transitive verb end in -a, the form before a proper noun or independent pronoun object is -ai:
do you know thje house?- o kila na vale?
do you know us?- o kilai keitou?
the verb in the present, past and future
the ways to express the present is that the pronoun acts as a verb, to say the past (a), and the future is (na):
i went-au a lako
i will go- au na lako
Particles sa and se: There is a kind of tense that has no direct equivalent to English, and its indicated by the particles sa, and se. the particle sa is used when the event  is a new development. a, a change from the previous state, whereas its opposite se indicate that the event is not new, but continues a previous state.
my child is (now) at school- sa vuli na luvequ
we (group) have eaten - keitou sa kana
i am going( i am about to go)- au sa lako
Verb to Have
 There is no direct equivalent  of (to have)
 the most common equivalent is to use (e) dua plus a possessive construction:
do you have a pen?- E dua nomu(ni) peni?
he/she has a house now- Sa dua nona vale
with certain more permanent and substantial possessions, simply prefix  (vaka) to the noun and use it as a verb:
they all have houses- Era vakavale kece
i have a pen- au vakadakai
Note that (vaka) becomes (va) before a word beginning with, k, q, or g:
he has a beard- E vakumi
do you (family) have a dog?- Dou vakoli?
yes/no questions are marked by a rising intonation, other question words are:
how much/many- vica
when- naica
when ( at what time)?- ina vica?
for why use the word baleta
the negative is formed by sega ni (often sounded like seni in rapid speech) it occurs after the subject pronoun  and tense particles , but before the other particles:
i don't know- au sega ni kila
they don't want to lie down- Era sega ni via davo
The imperative is, as in English, the simple form , of the verb. But remember that this is only for the singular- for numbers than the singular, the appropriate subject `pronoun should be used :
go on!- lako!
shut up! ( the two of you)-drau tikolo!
can- the English "can is translated by rawa ni after the subject pronoun:
can we walk?- O(ni) rawa ni taubale?
Should/ought to:
for should and ought to , use dododonu me
it ought to be open- E dodonu me dola
May/might use the postverbial particle beka:
it may be open- E dola Beka
Must/have to
there's no single translation. when it means obliged to, use the conjunction me/mo:
you must be there at two- mo tiko kina ina rua
want to use the postverbial particle via:
do you want to dance?- O via danisi?
 Often the meaning is already clear in the sentence, or the postverbial particle cake may be used
he/she/its better- E vinaka cake
superlative are formed by placing duadua after the adjective:
 The largest kava bowl-  na tanoa levu duadua
there are only four commonly used prepositions, ie words that mean, in at , to, from, with, about, etc
i- used with things and places
mai- used with distant things and places
vei- used with people (including pronouns) , vei is joined with the third person  singular (he/she) as vua
kei- means )together) with"
iam staying in Suva- au tiko i suva
go away from here- lako tani i ke
they com from new Zealand - era lako mai niusiladi

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ainu lesson ,4

I want to..

English Sound Ainu
What do you want to eat? Hemanta ee rusuy ya?
I want to eat candy. Topenpe ke rusuy
What do you want to drink? Hemanta eku rusuy ya?
I want to drink tea. Oca kuku rusuy
I want to go home soon. x Tane kuhosipi rusuy
I want to rest because I am tired. Kusinki kusu kusini rusuy


English Sound Ainu
I hope it would be fine tomorrow. Nisatta sirpirka yak pirkap!
One part of a poetry below
I would be wind.., I would be bird.. Rera ta kune,... cikap ta kune,...
If I could be, ki wa ne yakun
I could meet my lover in this day. Kuyupo tananto or ta kunukar oka!

Ainu English
e- you
e eat (foods)
ki do (something)
ku- I
ku drink (beverage)
kusu in order to, because
ke < ku-e
sini take rest
sirpirka fine
sinki tired
- ta - oka (It means hope which is unlikely to realize)
tananto or ta today (It is used in verse. In usual sentense,"tanto")
tane already,no longer
cikap bird
topenpe candy
nisatta tomorrow
nukar meet (person)
ne be,become
hemanta what
hosipi go home
ya (It means question)
yak (It means condition)
yakun in case,if
yupo lover (It is used in verse to man. To woman,"tures". In usual sentense,it means older brother)
rusuy want to
rera wind
wa and
pirka good
-p (It nominalizes verb which is completed by vowel. By consonaunt, "-pe")

ainu language lesson 6

My name is..

English Sound Ainu
What is your name? Erehe mak aye?
My name is ______ Kurehe anakne ______ ne
How old are you? Epaha hempakpe an?
I am Twenty eight years old Kupaha anakne tupesan pa ikasma hotne pa ne

note Let's practice with your name and years

You see "Number"

I come from..

English Sound Ainu
Where do you come from? Hunak wa eek?
I come from Sapporo Sapporo wa kek
Do you come alone? Sinen ne eek?
I come with mother Hapo turano kek
Where do you go to tomorrow? Nisatta hunak un earpa?
I go to Biratori Biratori un karpa
Please go with me! Entura wa enkore!
Let's go! Uturano payean ro!
(To leave men)
Good bye!
Apunno paye yan!

note Let's practice with your places

dic. Number
Ainu English
a- somebody
-an we
anakne (It present subject)
apunno peaceful
arpa go(It is singular form. cf.;paye)
e- you
ek come
en- me
hempakpe how many
hunak where
karpa < ku-arpa
kek < ku-ek
kore give (them goods)
ku- I
mak how
ne be,become
ne (It means situation. cf.;sinen ne)
nisatta tomorrow
pa year
paha (one's) year
paye go(It is plural form. cf;arpa)
re name
rehe (one's) name
ro (It means temptation)
sinen one parson
sinen ne alone
tura bring (them) with
turano together with
un to (place)
uturano together
wa from (place)
wa and
ye tell

Water please!

English Sound Ainu
Water please! Wakka enkore
Chopsticks please! Pasuy enkore
Bowl please! Itanki enkore
Two bowls please! Tu itanki enkore
Here you are. x O

Please help me!

English Sound Ainu
Please put me up! x Enrewsire wa enkore
Please help me! Enkasuy wa enkore
Please take me with you! Entura wa enkore
Please wait for me! Entere wa enkore
Please show me! Ennukare wa enkore
Please tell me! Ennure wa enkore
Please say it again! Na arsuyne ennure wa enkore
Ok Pirka wa

Ainu English
arsuyne once
en- me
itanki bowl
kasuy help (them)
kore give (them goods)
na more
nukare show (them goods)
nure make (them) listen
o Here you are
pasuy chopsticks
pirka good
rewsire put (him) up (It is singular form)
tere wait (them)
tu two
tura bring (them) with
wa (the word soften them voice)
wakka water

Let's go!

English Sound Ainu
Let's go! Uturano payean ro!
Let's eat! Uturano ipean ro!
Let's talk about! Ukoisoitakan ro!
See you again! Suy unukaran ro!

Why don't you..?

English Sound Ainu
Why don't you drink water? Wakka eku hike makanak ne wa?
Why don't you wait a moment? Na atere hike makanak ne wa?

Ainu English
a- we (It is used with transitive verb. cf;-an)
-an we (It is used with intransitive verb. cf;a-)
e- you
ku drink (beverage)
hike which (person do)
makanak how
na more
ne be,become
paye go(It is plural form)
ro (It means proposal)
suy times
tere wait (them)
ukoisoitak talk with
unukar meet
uturano together
wa (the word soften them voice)
wakka water